четверг, 11 июня 2020 г.
Human beings are social in nature, depending upon one another in order to truly thrive. Modern life, however, seems to work against the conditions needed for humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s success, forcing members of society into alienation while under the illusion of a flourishing, collaborative social system. When it comes to ideological concepts and derived meaning, such things are social at their core, and are heavily impacted by the parameters of the society from which they come to fruition: such ideas have informed the queries of philosophers and political theorists both in the post-Enlightenment past and in the in the near-present. According to Stanley Cavell in Must We Mean What We Say?, part of this alienation is due to the establishment of general normatives within language that are used in modern life. Modern conversation has slowly devolved into going through the motionsÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âwords spoken without care for their implications. All too often, subjects are treated too objectively with little acknowledgement of context or historyÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âthe latter of which, Cavell claims, may encompass Ã¢â¬Å"oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own past, to what is past, or what has passed, within oneselfÃ¢â¬ (Cavell XIX). Reliance on concepts evoked by words has taken away from consideration for their true aim or purpose. While Karl Marx also takes issue with the apparent alienation present in modern life, Marx identifies the source to be rooted in the nature of production relations. These relations define the economic structure of a society, and from this foundation a political structure is developed. During the 19th century, t he distinction between the working class and the exploiters of the working class became apparent, a change marked by industrialization-fueled capitalism. The workerÃ¢â¬â¢s position became akin to a cog in a wheel, their mechanistic role furthering alienation to exist beyond classes, extending to the individual self. In utilizing physical labor to create commodities to be consumed by the capitalist society, workersÃ¢â¬â¢ bodies became commodities as well, their physical being and skills turned into objects to be traded for some nominal wage. Karl Marx int he Communist Manifesto establishes a base-superstructure distinction to make evident the idea that government and laws arenÃ¢â¬â¢t natural occurrences, but simply manifestations of the social realities dominated by class interests. Reforms from the base are essential to making impactful change within the superstructure, which is why economic (base) and political (superstructure) revolution go hand in hand to combat the alienation that is a consequence of stratified social classes. MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s base-superstructure model extends beyond economic and political practices to individual beings themselves.Ã¢â¬Å"It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness.Ã¢â¬ (Marx 160) Leveling class disparities would have a direct impact on individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ societal place within the external world. It is the external environment that acts as the base that dictates the superstructure that is their awareness and the way in which they perceive things. By establishing conditions of the external world integral to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mental state of affairs, Marx introduces a clear contradiction to traditional Cartesian individualist thought. In the Sixth Meditation of his Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes establishes that he has a Ã¢â¬Å"clear and distinct ideaÃ¢â¬ of himself which he cannot doubt, while his physical being is something that might Ã¢â¬Å"possiblyÃ¢â¬ exist. Based on these premises, he concludes the mind to have sovereignty over the external world, existing in a manner Ã¢â¬Å"entirely and absolutely distinct from [the] body.Ã¢â¬ (Descartes 1-27) Both Cavell and Marx would argue that there is no such thing as sovereignty of the mind, for things that subsist within the mindÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âthoughts, values, opinionsÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âare intangible concepts that are established by the nature of social order and structures. Talking is necessary for learning, and learning is Ã¢â¬Å"essential to an understanding of what scienceÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âor any subjectÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬Å"isÃ¢â¬ (Cavell XVIII). Marx describes language as Ã¢â¬Å"practical consciousnessÃ¢â¬ (Marx 173), its presence confirming the mind to be a Ã¢â¬Å"social product.Ã¢â¬ (Marx 174) Descartes does make some acknowledgement of the use of language in the development of his work, but he expresses concern about the imposition of words and how he is Ã¢â¬Å"almost deceived by the terms of ordinary language.Ã¢â¬ However, Cavell also addresses issues surrounding Ã¢â¬Å"complexities of the assertionsÃ¢â¬ (Cavell 12) contrived from vocabulary, specifically that of the vocabulary which is used in modern philosophy, being estranged from meaning. While Descartes uses the linguistic discrepancies to question and nearly reject the validity of language and divert all focus to internal processes, Cavell proposes more social interaction by way of conversation as the remedy. The conversation in question, however, is far more reflective and in depth than the imitative language utilized by most individuals in the everyday. It requires knowing the implicatures of a dialogue and the hidden meanings of words beyond their literal sense. Ã¢â¬Å"Intimate understanding is understandi ng which is implicit,Ã¢â¬ (Cavell 12) which requires more effort and cognizance than understanding that is simply derived from the surface level. Through integrating this intensity and intimacy into the speaking of a language, people are able to establish relations between one another. In doing so, people not only mitigate the sense of alienation that is so prevalent in modern life, but also develop better understandings of the nature of ideas and ethics, as well as the roles they play in everyday life. By participating in discussion, people are able to collaboratively work towards solid definitions for conceptually controversial topics that are both Ã¢â¬Å"familiar and foreignÃ¢â¬ (Cavell XIX), like knowledge, morality, or justice. For Cavell, the answer of what the true essence of what these themes are does not come from an established place of heightened enlightenment, but rather from the depths of the ordinary, in which seemingly trivial things are elevated, afforded atten tion and importance in an effort to develop a meaningful understanding of the everyday. Marx takes a different approach to solving the issue of alienation in modern life, but the source of the solution is similarÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âimpactful change must start with the common man, not from those in a position of any particular economic or political power. A communist revolution to overthrow the existing capitalist system brought about by the proletariat working class would drastically modify the economic base upon which the superstructure of political and social systems depend on. All people would be brought together under by communist organization, no longer even allowing alienation to exist as a viable plight, communism turning all Ã¢â¬Å"existing conditions into conditions of unity.Ã¢â¬ (Marx 189) However, an externality of camaraderie to this extent between all members of society is that every individual is Ã¢â¬Å"[stripped] of their natural character,Ã¢â¬ reduced solely to the Ã¢â¬Å"individual as a person,Ã¢â¬ apart from anything Ã¢â¬Å"accidentalÃ¢â¬ or ir relevant to the self, in order to Ã¢â¬Å"[subjugate] them to the power of individuals united.Ã¢â¬ (Marx 189) In gaining a stable place and sense of belonging in the world, one loses all sense of self that is not fundamentally human. Such markers of identity are considered by Marx to be non-essential to human flourishing, inhibiting remnants of impact on the individual left by the external world. By getting rid of them, people are liberated to interact only with the true essences of their selves in the purest form. While MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s solution to figuring out modern life involves subduing animal spirits in order to achieve unity, Cavell seeks to take advantage of it, utilizing unique personal experiences as a means of opening the mind to perceive and comprehend things that are beyond those which exist innately within oneÃ¢â¬â¢s independent consciousness. There can be no empathy without difference and no decisive growth of understanding without a sense of self beyond the Ã¢â¬Å"essentialÃ¢â¬ , collective thought opening the possibility of turning into a breeding ground for complacency. Cavell makes explicit calls to action, not for political or economic remedy, but rather social convention, because his aim is not to systematically change the state of the external world, but merely to bring Ã¢â¬Å"the truth of this worldÃ¢â¬ to light (Cavell XXV). Solidarity is to be achieved through disagreement, and intimacy gained by coming to terms with all the contradictions that breed disparity in ev eryday life. In the development of MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas of communist revolution, there is clear knowledge of the historical precedents set by economic conditions and relations of production. However, MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective establishes history as a mere series changes in the state of Ã¢â¬Å"material collisionsÃ¢â¬ as opposed to a dynamic social narrative, a point of view that further heightens his distinction between essential and extraneous parts of the individual (Marx 189). As a result, communism in itself focuses too intently on what he determines to be the base, simply reducing everything to economics. Within the communist system there seems to be no place for broad cultural history or history that provides consideration for the self. When plagued with all the harms involved in an improper, imbalanced communist society, the equality and camaraderie promised by communism can be an appealing solution to the isolation present in modern life. However, there are always questions of practicality and feasibility involved when looking towards revolution as the answer. As opposed to bringing about, as Marx puts it, Ã¢â¬Å"the end of historyÃ¢â¬ (Marx 189), we should be intent on doing as Cavell suggests and make history, focusing more on the social implicatures existent all around us. It seems more impactful and emotionally substantial to find meaning in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s present situation than it is to demand a new situation altogether.
вторник, 26 мая 2020 г.
Top Miller 's Tale Essay Topics Guide! A Secret Weapon for the Miller's Tale Essay Topics As stated by the second principle, the ranks of fairy tales made by ordinary people today are addressed. Hansel takes the protective part in the start of the story. Fairy tales are a favourite way to devote time for children. Each looks just another easy, obscene tale intended to amuse and entertain the typical individuals. Nicholas devises a plan which can allow him and Alisoun to devote a whole night together. Offred and Moira are extremely different folks. According to Nicholas, they needed to pray the entire night in order to receive spared. Within this novel, Chaucer is attempting to demonstrate how various facets of life like love and marriage are portrayed in the unique social classes of a satire. The huge kind of humour all works on distinct levels to be able to appeal to great diversity in the audience, thus there is humour for everybody within this tale. A lady shouldn't ever act in such a fashion. The sanctity of a woman is not simply worth fighting for, it's worth dying for. Everyone one is on precisely the same journey, and they're staying in the exact places, however some were thought of as superior than others and by putting all of them into the exact same circumstance. A survival program should develop into a must-have for every single family in the event of natural disasters. This play appears to find the conventional tragic ending from the way first, with its ending concluding in a comparatively joyous state. Offred feels she's doing something wrong and feels guilt each time. What Everybody Dislikes About the Miller's Tale Essay Topics and Why The principle to consider is that if you attempt to do too much, you wind up doing less or nothing in any respect. Thinking can damage your chances, and I mean to last. Leontes' dialogue is pretty short and blatant in contrast. Everyone is apparently seeking revenge inside this novel. Chaucer is showing the contrast between the domain of knights and that of the typical individuals. There is likewise the sort of humour which arrives from mocking and laughing at the characters. The author would like to demonstrate that revenge can also cause infidelity. The plot of the fairytale doesn't have a joyful conclusion. Our free hints will help you to receive through all types of essays. So without further ado, below are some effective writing tips to generate your common app essay stick out! Ask yourself whether you can realistically cover this issue in the quantity of pages you're tasked with writing. There are several intriguing topics that could be become a persuasive essay if you take the opportunity to consider about doing it. Educated people ought to be asked to volunteer as literacy tutors. Traditionalism and conservative views formed the mainstream of politics around the world, not just in the usa. To write an excellent argumentative essay the students first must investigate several sides of the argument, which enables them to make an educated stance. Conclusion as a result, the religious motifs are extremely strong in the Atwood's novel. It more frequently appears at or close to the conclusion of the very first paragraph. The thesis statement usually appears close to the start of a paper. It should remain flexible until the paper is actually finished. Bear these in mind while you read the book. No warrant ought to be needed for search and seizures. Therefore there are various views on what is meant, in the identical way there are distinct interpretations of what the Miller states. Child molesters ought to be put to death.
воскресенье, 17 мая 2020 г.
Surrealism is a movement that built off of the burgeoning look into art, psychology, and the workings of the mind. Popularly associated with the works of Salvador Dali, Surrealist art takes imagery and ideology and creates correlation where there is none, creating new forms of art. In this essay I will look to explore the inception of the surrealist movement, including the Surrealist Manifesto, to stress the importance of these artists and their work in the 20th century and beyond. I also will look to films from our European Cinema course to express how films incorporate the influence of surrealism both intentionally and unintentionally. To begin, we will look at the ideals and influences that led to the formation of surrealist ideals,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Coupled with the use of unusual concepts of artistic expression, as well as experiments in form and content, surrealism sought to exploit the unrealized and unexplored spaces of art in often shocking and controversial ways. Often inspired by the repression of unconscious observations, surrealist art and writing often contains no discernable organization or structure, and is open to the imagination and the Ã¢â¬Å"world of the private mindÃ¢â¬ (metmuseum), an antithesis of traditional art based on rationality, reason, and societal norms. These concepts were what the surrealists sought to upend in their manifesto, and thus much of their work, such as Rene MagritteÃ¢â¬â¢s La Trahison des Images or Marcel DuchampÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass)Ã¢â¬ sought to Ã¢â¬Å"overturn the world view of scientific positivism, exposing the dogmatic conceptions of vision and language, the supposed guarantors of truth and being, as arbitrary, deceptive tools of modernityÃ¢â¬â¢s oppressive Ã¢â¬Å"rationalÃ¢â¬ ideologyÃ¢â¬ (sensesofcinema). Additionally, surrealism intended to capture Ã¢â¬Å"freedomÃ¢â¬ of the mind and imagination that modern logic and reason su ppressed through constraints of social norms and expectations. These modern patterns of thought, in the eyes of surrealists, were influenced by social doctrine (surrealism lecture) and thus needed to be undermined in order to discover the true unconscious perception of realityShow MoreRelatedSurrealism Essay957 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHistory: Surrealism is one of the most distinguishing movements of art. It was proclaimed by the poet AndrÃ © Breton in Paris in 1924. It is defined by Breton as Ã¢â¬Å"Pure Psychic automatism, by which one tries to express verbally, in writing, or by any other method, the actual process of thinking.Ã¢â¬ ItÃ¢â¬â¢s goal was to liberate thought from the oppressive boundaries of rationalism. The source of artistic creativity for surrealism was inspired by the unconscious mind, particularly dreams. The SurrealistRead MoreSurrealism Essay1524 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThis essay will examine the relationship between surrealism and artist film, cinema and gallery work. An art film is a motion picture originally created for a confined audience as opposed to a mass market. Art films provide opportunities to display unique conventions independent from mainstream film.TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re clear differences between the two movements film presents a clear purpose of action opposed to the social realism style often seen in art films where the focal points are the imagination and cognitiveRead MoreEssay about Land Without Bread1391 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnumerous ethnographic surrealist films that have an intriguing relationship to aesthetics and politics. A film that exemplifies this relationship is Ã¢â¬Å"Las Hurdes: Tierra Sin PanÃ¢â¬ (Land Without Bread). This film is only 27-minutes and is directed by the infamous Luis Bunuel in 1933. Bunuel was a Spanish filmmaker of the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s to the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s. He is often attributed to being one of the major contributors to the surrealist movement of the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s. Ã¢â¬Å"Ethnographic surrealism is a uto pian construct, a statementRead MoreSurrealism In Un Chien Andalou1157 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagessurrÃ ©alisme, the ways in which Surrealism can be applied to both the artistic realm and everyday life are explored, as well as the importance placed on dreams. Breton believed in Ã¢â¬Å"la rÃ ©solution future de ces deux Ã ©tats, en apparence si contradictoires, que sont le rÃ ªve et la realitÃ ©, en une sorte de rÃ ©alitÃ © absolue, du surrÃ ©alitÃ ©Ã¢â¬ (Breton and Bonnet, 1988). Based on the assumption that Luis BuÃ ±uel and Salvador DalÃ wished to remain loyal to BretonÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of Surrealism, it is likely that they understoodRead MoreArt Movement After World War I1174 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAccording to the Visual Art Encyclopedia, Surrealism sprang up in Paris and became rooted in the avant-garde art world. Surrealism was the fashionable art movement after World War I. Surrealism is and the last major art movement to be associated with the Ecole de Paris. The writer Andre Breton (1896-1966), nicknamed the Pope of Surrealism, was the movement s founder and chief theorist. He introduced and defined the new style in his initial 1924 manifesto (Manifeste du Surrealisme) and later inRead MoreSurrealism : An Art Movement1248 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSurrealism was an art movement based on dreams, unconscious thought and defying conventional logic. It grew out of the earlier avant-garde movement called Dada in the 1920s. Dada was about chaos and rejecting logic and rationality, and was also referred to as anti-art. Just like Surrealism it often featured bizarre imagery that didn t make sense. Famous surrealist artists include Salvador DalÃ , RenÃ © Magritte, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, Max Ernst, and Frida Kahlo (although she rejected the label)Read MoreThe Dada Art Movement During World War I1272 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageschaos of WWI and parts of machinery to represent this technological warfare are displayed in the collage. Surrealism was influenced by psychoanalysis, tapping into the unconscious (fantasy) and conscious mind into a new superior supreme reality. Their leader, the Pope of Surrealism, (What is Surrealism?, 2015)was French writer AndrÃ © Breton. Derived from Dadaism but less violent, surrealism began as a literacy movement, before developing into an artistic one, in Paris in the late 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s but wasnÃ¢â¬â¢tRead MoreThe, The Inner World Of The Outcast1707 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmake fantasy films and this and thatÃ¢â¬â¢, IÃ¢â¬â¢m like Ã¢â¬ËWell no, fantasy is realityÃ¢â¬â¢, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what Lewis Carroll showed in his work,Ã¢â¬ spoke animator, writer, producer, and director Tim Burton in regards to the themes of depression, isolation, and fear within his collection of work. Influenced by Gothic fiction and the art and film movements of Expressionism, Surrealism, and Noir, Burton crafts the inner world of the outcast and explores the ideas of Jungian and Freudian psyc hoanalysis in his films, particularlyRead MoreArt Forever Changed By World War I901 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the article Art forever changed by World War I, the writer states that Ã¢â¬Å"in visual art, Surrealism and Expressionist devised wobbly, chopped-up perspective and nightmarish visions of fractured human bodiesÃ¢â¬ (Johnson). John Singer Sargent Gassed painting was and still is a great explain about what the writer of the article described visual arts to be. The painting was a reflection of the aftermath of the gas attack that occurred during the World War I. Looking back at the artwork the viewer couldRead MoreEssay on The Surrealist Movement in Arts Influence on Fashion1528 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinfluence that surrealism has been having on fashion today. I will also be discussing the influence that Elsa Schiaparelli has been having on the distinct creation of surrealism in fashion, focusing specifically on how she became the leading figure in merging art with fashion by introducing surrealist ideas in her designs. Also her collaborations with artists such as Salvador Dali, Man Ray and Jean Cocteau will be discussed in this essay. Surrealism and the surrealist movement Surrealism and the
пятница, 15 мая 2020 г.
When people think industrial revolution they thing factories and smoke but the revolution was so much more than that. The industrial revolution transformed manufacturing transportation and communication. The century long even took goods normally made by hand and turned them into some of the first massed produced product. . It transformed the daily lives of Americans more than any other event to ever take place in the United States of America. The industrial revolution did not take place over night, on the contrary it was almost a century long affair. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to remember that when the United States was just beginning the start if their revolution Britain had been already thriving. One of the earliest markings of the start in the U.S was in late eighteenth century when a man named Samuel Slater brought existing technologies from Britain to the United States showing America what they have been missing out on. Over the next few decades more and more mills and factories were pooping up. Development of transportation boomed with railroads along with new canals being built to help with commerce and trade. Before the civil war started in the nineteenth century we first see the steamboat, the telegraph, and the sewing machine. After the war the United States industrial revolution boomed at what many historians called a Ã¢â¬Å"breakneckÃ¢â¬ pace. The transcendental railroad was created to transport products, material, and people. Between the years 1860 and 1900 over fourteen millionShow MoreRelatedThe Industrial Revolution Of The United States1388 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOrlando Quinones American history Ms. Hilderman January 29, 2015 TTP Chapter 2 After the Civil War, the United States began to enter a period of genuine prosperity and development known as industrialization. Despite the vast amount of wealth it had created, industrialization also created a considerable number of economic and social problems that became a controversial issue. The Industrial Revolution brought about tremendous significant, and extensive changes. Also its impact keeps on sweeping throughRead MoreThe United States And The Industrial Revolution Essay2032 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthe 1860s and 1870s, the United States has progressed farther than was imaginable at the time. One of the greatest transformations since that time has been the United States economy. Not only has the economy changed the United States, but the entire world has changed because of the United States and how it does business. Other countries have attempted to model their economies after that of the United States. The change and revolution that has gone on in the United States f rom the time of the 1870sRead MoreThe United States And The Industrial Revolution1443 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescontrol of another, is now connected more than ever. This transformation began with the Industrial Revolution in a period from around 1760 to 1840. Thinking back to that time, we can easily think of noticeable differences between how the world was and how it is today. The United States was a small, developing country, still trying to overcome the effects of a costly revolution. Across the ocean, once the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ major rival, Great Britain, was still the greatest power in the world. And around theRead MoreThe United States And The Industrial Revolution1261 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesvast changes based on the western exploration of the country as well as the industrial revolution it had undertaken. The different genres of its people all endured hardships and historic changes from the times of the Native Americans being forced out of their lands, to changes in population with the amassing amount of immigrants and lack of jobs through the Gilded Age, all the way through the change of the United States becoming an empire based on its acquisitions. But through all these events whetherRead MoreThe Industrial Revolution Of The United States1838 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagespeople think industrial revolution they thing factories and smoke but the revolution was so much more than that. The industrial revolution transformed and created major changes in not only manufacturing but transportation and communications as well. The century long even took goods normally made by hand and turned them into some of the first massed produced products. It transformed the daily lives of Americans as much asÃ¢â¬â and arguably more thanÃ¢â¬âany single event in U.S. history. The industrial revolutionRead MoreThe United States Of The Industrial Revolution1720 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Earth provides enough to satisfy every man s needs, but not every man s greed.Ã¢â¬ - Mahatma Gandhi Since the start of the Industrial Revolution the United States of America has been dependent on burning fossil fuels for energy. In 2015 nearly sixty seven percent of energy generated in the United States was from fossil fuels including coal, natural gas, and petroleum. The United States had been aware of a large abundance of natural gas in shale rock formations thousands of feet below the surface; howeverRead MoreEffects Of The Industrial Revolution On The United States1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSpencer Neal Mr. Connolly US History Term Paper 10 November 2015 The Effect of the Industrial Revolution The American Industrial Revolution changed the United States residents from rural people to individuals that were exceedingly industrialized. They performed their work in processing plants and used machines. Many people took control of the Industrial Revolution such as: JP Morgan, Cornelius Vanderbilt, Andrew Carnegie, and John D. Rockefeller. These men took hold of their respective industryRead MoreImpact Of The Industrial Revolution On The United States1013 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Industrial Revolution brought about an overwhelming amount of economic change to the United States. The first Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain and in Europe in the latter part of the eighteenth century and, it then spread to the United States and Germany. The Industrial Revolution itself refers to a change from hand and home production to machine and factory (Kelly). During this time period, America was growing in knowledge. The industrialization of America involved three greatRead Mor eThe Industrial Revolution in the United States: An Overview1295 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Industrial Revolution, which began in England in the late 18th century, finally took effect in the United States in the years following the end of the Civil War. Industrialization had begun earlier but it was in the years known as the Gilded Age (1870-1910) that the process began in earnest in the United States (The Genesiss of Industrial America, 2007). It was during these years that individuals such as John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and Cornelius Vanderbilt made their fortunes. DuringRead MoreThe United States Of The American Industrial Revolution857 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesimportant globally, for the sake of brevity and personal preference, this essay will focus upon the United States of America. The proliferation of transportation systems, the refrigerator, and the telegraph were the most important developments of the American Industrial Revolution as they allowed for western expansio n and established a foundation for growth. The growth of the Industrial Revolution depended on transporting people, raw materials, and finished goods over long distances. The expansion
среда, 6 мая 2020 г.
Race was a primary factor used to shape the identity of African Americans which was seen through their culture. Race is portrayed through the narratives such as The life of Frederick Douglas by Frederick Douglass and the Autobiography of an Ex-colored man by James Weldon Johnson. In both the narratives, they state they are slaves due their race. First, this idea is supported in the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass when he states in the preface, Ã¢â¬Å"he was a slave Ã¢â¬Å"too (Douglass 325). From the beginning Douglass has started with his identity Ã¢â¬Å"Douglass, in his old age, still bravely stood for the ideals of his early manhood, - ultimate assimilation through self-assertion and on no other termsÃ¢â¬ ( Washington 254). Douglass stood for his race which helped him enhance himself with his culture. Ã¢â¬Å"I never loved any or confided in any people more than my fellow-slavesÃ¢â¬ ( Douglass 402). He supported his culture from the beginning to the end and this shaped who he was. Again, Douglass reiterates that Ã¢â¬Å" whenever my condition was improved, instead of increasing my contentment, it only increased my desire to be degree, and set me thinking of plans to gain my freedomÃ¢â¬ ( Douglass 415). In doing so, through the chains of slavery and hardships from the culture of the time he was able to preserve. Finally, this lead him to find himself when he says Ã¢â¬Å" I subscribe myselfÃ¢â¬ and overcomes that he would be a slave for life( Douglass 435). In the autobiography of theShow MoreRelatedAfrican Americans And Identity Of African American1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn the year of 1619, the largest oppressive legal structure in American History came about, the institution of slavery. Although slavery was abolished in the year of 1865, African Americans are still enslaved by intuitional racism. There are systems in place to keep minorities at a disadvantage. This system of oppression is carried by a number of factors such as; the segregation of black people in urban areas referred to as ghettos, mass incarceration rate for people of color, large educational gapsRead MoreAfrican American Identity2425 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagessources of African American identity? The Discovery of African American Identity In the 1900s African American have slowly started to gain their rights after the end of slavery. It was a difficult and tedious process; however, they never gave up on what they believed in, which is Ã¢â¬Å"racial equalityÃ¢â¬ . African American stood together in organizations, marches, and unions because they had something that united them which wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t just skin color; it was inequality and slavery. African Americans came togetherRead MoreAfrican American Identity2208 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAfrican American Identity It was a hot August day as sweat beat down on Thomas Jefferson Brown. He had been working in the field 2 hours before the hot sun had made its presence known. He looked back over the drying field, hoping that this crop would provide for his family better than last years crop had. Thomas watched his oldest son, Nathan, who worked down one row of the field while staring intently at the cotton plants as he picked the cotton. Nathan was a very inquisitive young man who hadRead MoreAfrican American Identity And Identity Essay742 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesdetermining its identity. For African Americans, their identity was equivalent to property that is the source of profit and further riches. African Americans had not been considered human until slavery was abolished, which was the first step of many in obtaining the same rights as any other race. After the emotional turmoil that is being treated as objects, and persevering when segregation was enforced, African Americans now have the same ri ghts as every single American citizen. Their identity was thatRead MoreThe Evolution of African American Identity1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIdentity has been a major concern of African and African American authors from the beginning. In fact African American identity underwent drastic transformations between the eighteenth century and twentieth century. As Amistad, Federalist No. 54, The New Negro and The Souls of Black Folks shows, African American identity has shifted from an early tribal identity, to a dehumanized identity based in slavery, and finally to a Ãânew type of Negro identity based in art and African origins. These transformationsRead MoreIdentity of African American Men2442 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe Identity of African American Men: How has it been displayed in the Media; negatively or positively? Ã¢â¬Å"No metaphor can capture completely the complexity of ethnic dynamics in the U.S. Ã¢â¬ËMelting potÃ¢â¬â¢ ignores the persistence and reconfiguration of the ethnicity over the generations. Ã¢â¬ËMosaic,Ã¢â¬â¢ much more apt for pluralistic societies such as Kenya or India, is too static a metaphor; it fails to take in to account the easy penetration of many ethnic boundaries. Nor is Ã¢â¬Ësalad bowlÃ¢â¬â¢ appropriate; theRead MoreRacial Identity Of African Americans Essay1813 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagescriminals. There is a correlation between the relationship with race and crime. The stereotype that will be discussed is, African Americans as criminals. In American society, a widespread depiction of crime is that it is mostly committed by Black men. Many Americans have the image of a young Black male as violent and criminal. Ã¢â¬Å"In fact, perceptions about the presumed racial identity of criminals may be so ingrained in public consciousness that race does not even need to be specifically mentioned forRead MoreRacial Identity Of African American Adolescents821 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat, racial identity is another big contributor to the degradation of African AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s youth mental health, as a weak racial identity results in poorly mishandled ways of coping with racism and stress. African American students as early as middle school engage in introspection of their racial identity, where they begin to discover who they are and the negative stereotypes surrounding their identity (Cheryl Holcomb-McCoy, 2007, p.256). The results of a study of 297 African American adolescents byRead MoreThe Cultural Identity Of The African Ame rican Community1653 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe African American community has sat at the end of a discriminatory lens from the moment they set foot in the United States. For that reason, black communities have undergone the process of community building to ensure that all members feel a sense of belonging. Race, gender, nationality, ethnicity, poverty, and sexual orientation, all play a role in developing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s identity and more often than not, these multiple identities intersect with blackness. Being that American society has deemed coloredRead MoreIdentity Crisis Among African Americans1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCelestine Professor Sandra Staton-Taiwo Identity Crisis amongst African Americans 17 November 2014 Abstract The question of self-identity has been commonly argued in field of the African American literature; with scholars such as Martin R. Delany and W.E.B Du Bois argue about the emphasis on race and racial consciousness. Together Du Bois and Delaney stress the importance of the color line, or the racial segregation in the United States, as a critical part of American history; nonetheless they both had
Homicide always will be an aspect of life, whether it is in the 16th century, 21st century or in the future. At times of extreme stress, people may turn to murder as an outlet of a greater problem they cannot fix or control. Presently, homicide has a greater value in society due to popular culture references through the media such as television, film and writing; society constantly has homicide and murder in the subconscious. In David M. BussÃ¢â¬â¢ findings in The Murderer Next Door: Why the Mind is Designed to Kill, According to our findings, 91 percent of men and 84 percent of women have had at least one such vivid fantasy about killing someone...the human mind has developed adaptations for killingÃ¢â¬âdeeply ingrained patterns of thought,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He is immaculately groomed and dressed. His body marks not disruption or Otherness but normalcy. (231) I agree in the way EllisÃ¢â¬â¢ character Ã¢â¬Å"fails to embody the kind of hybridism or repulsion necessaryÃ¢â¬ as the stereotypical serial killer, a point that needs emphasizing since so many people still believe those with homicidal abilities posses homicidal and monstrous features. DostoyevskyÃ¢â¬â¢s character also portrays his intelligence through his article On Crime and in his household, a major location in the novel where his friends and family congregate. Dostoyevsky describes, Ã¢â¬Å"...a painted table in the corner on which lay a few manuscripts and books; the dust that lay thick upon them showed that they had been long untouched,Ã¢â¬ (Dostoyevsky 1.3.1). Although through time RaskolnikovÃ¢â¬â¢s value for education diminishes, he still leads the lifestyle he once possessed after the murder. Going to bars and living the life they lead before the murders of the pawn broker, her sister and the fourteen people slaughtered by Bateman reveal RaskolnikovÃ¢â¬â¢s and BatemanÃ¢â¬â¢s real outlook on life. Feeling no remorse, they move on to the next item on their to-do list. The modus operandi, or the method of operation, describes oneÃ¢â¬â¢s habits which lead to identification and apprehension of the offender. In addition, the modus operandi includes the motive for committing the crime, in this case, homicide. ThisShow MoreRelatedHomosexuality5409 Words Ã |Ã 22 Pagesand protect the interests and the general well-being of LGBT people in Tanzania On 16 December 2011, Ouma reported that he had been detained by the police and was released several hours later on condition that he stop his activism. The traditional view of homosexuality assumes one man, the msenge, will play the role of a female (for money or because he is impotent, not because he wants to), while the basha, the dominant partner, is assumed to have relations with women as well as men. The msenge isRead MoreTracing Theoretical Approaches to Crime and Social Control: from Functionalism to Postmodernism16559 Words Ã |Ã 67 Pages33 Neo-Marxist Critical theory: The Frankfurt School.................................................. 34 Structural Marxism ..................................................................................................... 35 Post-Modern Views on Crime in Neo-Marxist Criminology ..................................... 40 CHAPTER 4 ..................................................................................................................... 42 FOUCAULTS SYSTEM OF POWER AND DISCIPLINE
Question: Briefly Identify the Chemistry Issue and the relevant Social or Environmental Context. Answer: Introduction: Recycling can be considered as a mechanism intended to convert waste to reusable material. Waste will be converted into a useful material which will be in the previous forms of the cycle. Waste recycling has several benefits to the society in general, the technique will be quite cost effective and recycling procedures will result in benefits to the society like there will be immense impact on the environmental conditions. The total GHG emissions being emitted to the environment will get arrested as there it is going to have considerable reduction in the manufacturing process and there is going to have an associated decrease in the environmental degradation. Eventhough the relative benefits and environmental advantages of the recycling process will depend more on the actual material recycled and the actual process employed for recycling, definite benefits of recycling are assured. The current discussion is about aluminium recycling in the context of Australian social, economic and env ironmental conditions. There is going to have a discussion on the entire recycling process in chemical perspective (Schlesinger 2013). Recycling in Australia: From several years, Australia domestic resources are being recycled. As high as 51% of the total household waste in Australia will get typically recycled. When compared with most of the other countries in the world, Australia mean recycling rate is quite higher. It is not a puzzling issue to understand the commitment of the country towards aluminium recycling. The chief most factor responsible for aluminium recycling is the fact that the aluminium is 100% recyclable. Aluminum parts are extensive in use in Australia like in many other countries. The recycling procedures and the processes employed for aluminium recycling are really environmental friendly and generally the properties of the metal will not be lost during the recycling process. Also the quality of the product will not be impacted during the recycling process (Tenorio 2002). Another chief concern is that the chemical energy requirement for recycling aluminium components is only 5% of the actual energy requirement for makin g a new product. Also it is true that in Australia like in many other countries that 75% of the aluminium ever produced is actually in use in the country (Shintzato 2005). Aluminum recycling statistics in Australia: By recycling about six aluminium cans of aluminium it is possible that enough energy to offset carbon emissions from a 10km journey in an average-size car and 17km journey bus ride. Australians use over 3 billion aluminium cans annually with approximately 350,000 aluminium cans are being made very minute (Gaustad 2012). Chemical Background: Aluminum recycling process is very simple and the chemistry of aluminium recycling is quite easy to use. The entire recycling process of aluminium consist of six main processes. Firstly the process consist of mechanical collection of the aluminium cans and then sorting them into proper format for recycling. The first phase of the process consist of removing foreign material like steel specimens included in the samples collected using the magnets. The second phase of the recycling process consist of inducing eddy currents in the material and then picking the material using the magnetic effects. Once so collected aluminium cans will be subjected to the further baling using mechanical forces and this follows with shaling to remove any further presence of steel specimens in the samples. Once the process of baling and shaling is removed the paints and other organic substances presented in the aluminium cans will get removed using decoaster blasts of about 500 degree Celsius temperature. T his process will be followed by heating the aluminium material at about 700 degree Celsius temperature. Then the molten aluminium formed at this stage of the process will be poured into the castings to make ingots and these ingots will be further moved to rolling mills to make the sheets and plates for diverse applications (Hatayama 2012). Main stream Aluminum production process: It is possible that the aluminium extraction can be further refined to eliminate to remove any impurities present in the molten aluminium. However usage of the refining process will actually depend on the final requirements of the process. Depending on the end requirements of the products, the degree of refining of the aluminium material will be employed. The following schematic indicates the basic refining process of the molten aluminium also the same procedure will be employed to extract aluminium from the bauxite ore. There will be mix up of ingredients to increase the flexibility of the material to become melted at low temperatures. Cryolite is generally employed to drastically bring down the temperature of melting of aluminium (Das 2010). Electrolysis of the molten aluminium will work out to let the oxygen move towards the anode and aluminium will be moved towards the cathode, the casing. The entire process consists in liberating sufficient amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, there will be sufficient amount of carbon monoxide also liberates into the environment(Green,2007). Environmental benefits of Aluminum recycling: The intense energy usage for making pure aluminium is maximum eliminated with the recycling of aluminium cans, When aluminium cans are recycled the energy consumed during the recycling process is quite less, it is only 5% of the total energy used for processing. Hence all the associated emissions during the energy production process like emission of greenhouse gases, energy and emissions associated with the mining of the ore, transportation of the ore to the processing zone etc. are completely eliminated. It is quite a big environmental benefits since number of environmental problems can be rooted first to the presence of GHG emissions in the atmosphere. It is also true that the recycling will contribute to the value addition to the economy of the country, since there is considerable saving in the form of cost effectiveness. Considering the bulk of aluminium cans and materials being recycled, there is considerable advantage to the countries in terms of environmental benefits and adva ntages. Concerns: It is true that the aluminium recycling process is quite toxic and it releases number of chemicals into the atmosphere. Further the process produces a waste called as dross, which is very toxic and requires to dump it into the landfills by burying. Generally sealed containers will be employed to bury the dross (Graziano 1996). Typically for about every tonne of aluminum melted about 200 to 500 kilograms of salt cake will be produced (Gelles 2007). The salt cake contain several elements like aluminium oxides, metallic aluminium, carbines, nitrides, sulphides and phosphides. Also it is possible that there can be air pollution from recycling the aluminium. It will not just come from energy generating means, there will also be immense release of furans, dioxides, hydrogen chlorides and particulate matter during the process. Furans released during the recycling of aluminium do cause impact on the lever in human beings (Tenorio 2001). Conclusions: When compared with several other recyclable materials, aluminium recycling do have a distinct significance owing to the potential advantage which the material recycling can offer to the society. Aluminum recycling is quite profitable as it has good potential to contribute to the cost effectiveness. Also it is easier when compared with other recycling processes. It is also true that aluminium cans and other products constitute maximum amount of wastage and hence it is very much required to appreciate the usage of aluminium recycling process. Australia being a proactive country in emissions reduction and ecological sustainability initiatives, encouraging aluminium recycling in all the possible means. References: Shinzato, M.C. and Hypolito, R., 2005. Solid waste from aluminum recycling process: characterization and reuse of its economically valuable constituents.Waste management,25(1), pp.37-46. Gaustad, G., Olivetti, E. and Kirchain, R., 2012. Improving aluminum recycling: A survey of sorting and impurity removal technologies.Resources, Conservation and Recycling,58, pp.79-87. Schlesinger, M.E., 2013.Aluminum recycling. CRC Press. Tenorio, J.A.S. and Espinosa, D.C.R., 2002. Effect of salt/oxide interaction on the process of aluminum recycling.Journal of Light metals,2(2), pp.89-93. Hatayama, H., Daigo, I., Matsuno, Y. and Adachi, Y., 2012. Evolution of aluminum recycling initiated by the introduction of next-generation vehicles and scrap sorting technology.Resources, Conservation and Recycling,66, pp.8-14. Das, S.K., 2006. Emerging trends in aluminum recycling: Reasons and responses.Light Metals,4, pp.911-916. Das, S.K., Green, J.A., Kaufman, J.G., Emadi, D. and Mahfoud, M., 2010. Aluminum recycling-An integrated, industrywide approach.JOM,62(2), p.23. Graziano, D., Hryn, J.N. and Daniels, E.J., 1996.The economics of salt cake recycling(No. ANL/ES/CP--88051; CONF-960202--5). Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Systems Div.. Tenorio, J.A.S., Carboni, M.C. and Espinosa, D.C.R., 2001. Recycling of aluminumeffect of fluoride additions on the salt viscosity and on the alumina dissolution.Journal of Light metals,1(3), pp.195-198. Gelles, G.M., 2007. Aluminum recycling economics.Aluminum Recycling. Green, J. A. (2007).Aluminum recycling and processing for energy conservation and sustainability. ASM International.