вторник, 12 марта 2019 г.
Child marriage Essay
passim the world, uniting is considered to be a happy moment in e genuinely matchless(prenominal)s keep and is a moment of celebration but sadly, the practice of baby wedlock gives no very much(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal) reason for celebration. M all young boys and girls get matrimonial before they abide reach the term of 18. This shocking act takes stake for a number of reasons. In order to get benefitted soci totallyy, physically and to belittle financial burdens, many p bents and families throughout the world, promote the marri while of their young sons and daughters. Throughout the years, we progress to seen that small fry unification targets to a greater extent than girls than boys. Boys ar pertained as well but in totality, the number of victims and the intensity of their sufferings argon look higher for girls. After their marri time, girls live an exclusive life where they do not receive any kind of education, they ar forced for performing abun dant amounts of ho handlinghold works, argon impregnated without their approval and argon forced to take the monstrous responsibility of raising and taking care of a shaver when they themselves are not mature profuse and are still kids. What problems can tike man and wife lead to?Read more kidskin espousals Essay fry hymeneals is ca practice sessiond when two young or cardinal young and iodine adult individuals are forced into the institution of marriage without their consent. According to seekes by PBS, Although the definition of nestling marriage includes boys, most children espouse under the age of 18 years are girls. The kid or kids acquire marital are totally un conscious of its significance and consequences it can lead to in future years. Usually when a child, commonly girl, is married and brought into the husbands family in such a young age, they prize they can formulate and built up her personality into anything and allthing they want her to be. The girl ch ild is and so forced into respective(a) activities which harms her both physically and mentally. (PBS, II).Health problemsAfter getting married, the girl child is then pressurized by her new family to do things that she doesnt want to. She is forced by her husband to get into sexual activities and to have kids soon later. As she is not mentally prepared and physically mature, she faces divers(a) complications and health issues in the future and sometimes it excessively leads to death. The connection mingled with the maternal death and the age of the gravel is very strong as the child bride is highly credibly to get pregnant in a little while after her marriage causing their pregnancy to be premature. According to the digest by UNICEF, young womans ages 10-14 are five times more likely to die in pregnancy or child kin than women antiquated 20-24. Girls ages 15-19 are twice as likely to die. Such young m new(prenominal)(a)s as well face a very high chance of getting into complications such as heavy bleeding, various infections, illnesss like anemia etc. which can lead to death. As first time mothers, girls alike face a high risk of a disease called Obstructed Fistula, which is lead by obstructed labor. Obstructed labor is when a it is hard for a mother to give birth to a child and push it out of her body. This causes big(p) pain and ofter results in death of the mother. According to PBS, there are more or less 2 million girls living with fistula, and 100,000 new cases all(prenominal) year. Girls suffering from this disease are usually neglected by their husbands and kept a expressive style from the society. thither is this myth, according to which a atomic pile of people around the world think that by marrying the child early, they can reduce the chances of their kid getting human immunodeficiency virus aids but the opposite is true. Married girls are more likely to get HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases compared to the anes who aren t married. This is mostly because they are not enough enlightened or so sex, its consequences and the use of contraceptive and if by any chance they are aware astir(predicate) this, they are not equal to(p) to obtain the same as because of limit autonomy or freedom of movement. They are also abused by their family, which is a form of domestic military group, and this makes them mentally ill leading to depression.(UNICEF). interior(prenominal) violence in that location is a very close relation between child marriage and Domestic violence. Most of the cases almost domestic violence are of people who were married early ore were married forcefully. According to studies, Girl child is usually married by a man who is oftentimes more older than her thus proving that her in laws and husband is much more stronger than her and she possesses less control. Sometimes the young bride thinks that it is fairified that she s getting trounce up by her husband as she is too young to secernat e between right and wrong. Studies by UNICEF say that, women who marry early are more likely to be beaten or threatened, and more likely to believe thathusbands might sometimes be justified in whipping his wife. Also in Kenya, 36 percent of girls married before 18 believe that a man is sometimes justified in beat his wife, compared to 20 percent of married women .Girls who get proper education and are married later take more mature decisions and raise their voices against such abuses. According to research by ICRW, Girls who were married before 18 were twice as likely to newspaper existence beaten, slapped or threatened by their husbands as girls who married later. They were three times as likely to report being forced to have sex without their consent in the former six months. This indicates how girls have less power compared to the men in such kind of marriage. Girls who get into the institution of marriage after the age of 18 are much more inner compared to the young ones a nd they have a health husband-wife relationship as they use contraceptives and contains the strength to go and piffle to their husbands about the future and their likes and dislikes. This creates a better understanding between them make them have a happy life ahead. While on the other hand, the child bride is like a puppet for their husbands as they can use them whenever they want and the child bride is too shy to go and talk to him about her life and her involve. (ICRW). What are the socio-cultural and economic reasons that lead to child marriage? There are a lot of reasons that lead to nestling marriage. An integration of various cultural, regional, economical, social and religious causes makes up the roots of this act.P everyplacetyPoverty is considered to be one of the most basic reasons for a girl getting married off in an early age. According to a fact pall quitd by UNFPA, The practice of child marriage has decreased globally over the last 30 years, it re principal(pren ominal)s common in rural areas and among the unequal. There are a number of poor men who are not able to feed and run their family well. In order to feed their other children, clear debts or in exchange of some money, they decide to marry off their child, usually a girl to a man who is course older than her hoping for a better future. Such a decision just makes the life of the girl child difficult like hell and satisfies the needs of the brides family just for a rook term but in no way helps anyone have a well settled life. (McGluain). security system of Familys accoladeSome parents and families also think that it is a dear(p) way to save their familys honor by marrying their girl child in an early age. There are various cultures where there is a belief that if a girl loses her virginity before she marries someone, then it is very opprobrious for the family and thus spoils its reputation and honor. Therefore by marrying a girl in an early age presume the girls sexuality and th at she is being married as a virgin protecting the familys honor. This is very discouraging for the girls as by imposing familys respect and honor on them there family doubts her nature and this harms her self-respect and dignity. Girls are also anticipate to marry older man as they are more knowledgeable and sensible and can take care of the girl child as a parent but this is not the truth for almost all the cases in fact the opposite happens breaking the girls morals and leading her into depression.(UNFPA).Discrimination based on g canerAnother main reason for child marriage is discrimination based on gender. In various cultures and society, people regard girls as the week ones or the one who holds less or no power and devaluates and discriminates against them. According to a research by UNICEF, often manifests itself in the form of domestic violence, marital rape, and passing of food, escape of addition to information, education, healthcare, and general impediments to mobili ty. In many cases of child marriage, the family gives the child bride less value and re moroses her from doing things she want. The child is usually not enough educated to fight for her rights so she stays quiet and takes goes through the troubles her husband and in laws put her through. They are also disrespected by the society if they do a small mistake. They are not able to live a expression life and are forced into various unacceptable activities. They are also beaten up by their husbands and they use the girl the way they want. This way either the girl ends up being destroyed mentally or sometime even dying. (UNICEF).Violation of lawsIn various countries there are various laws which restrict child marriage and are against them for example Pakistan and India. even off though such laws exist, the constitutions of these countries dont take any strict actions if people violate them. The legal age for marriage in India is 18 years forgirls and 21 for boys. Under the Child Marriage Prevention Act, 1929, any marriage before these ages is banned. Despite in presence of such laws, a huge number of child marriages take place everywhere and no one tries to stop it. According to the internationalistic Center for Research on Women (ICRW) 100 million girls leave behind be married before the age of 18 in the coming decade.(ICRW).What are the similarities and dissimilarities between present twenty-four hour periodlight child marriage and the ones in the past? There is not much difference between present day child marriage and the one that took place years back. People follow the footsteps of their ancestors and blindly believe them. In the past, people were married off early as they were unaware about the fact that it is a prejudicious practice and causes various problems. Year after year, as the time passed, people followed the same rules without changing or checking whether it is legit or not. In some places, people got educated and they studied about it. They mum about its good and bad points and on based on that they started changing the rules. Still in various parts of the world, there exists a lot of places where people, mainly the girls, are being married at a sincerely young age. This is happening as these places are very backwards and lack education. According to UNFPA, more than 100 million young girls will be married off in the next decade. (UNFPA). How does child marriage differ in different parts of world?Child Marriage is common in various places throughout the globe and is much more common with girls than boys. According to a survey by UNICEF, One of every seven girls gets married before they turn fifteen and one of every three girls gets married under age, that is before they turn eighteen. The Highest rate of child marriage is in West Africa. It is followed by southern Asia, the Middle easterly and then the Latin America. The condition of some countries are so poor that they more than a half of the under aged female tr ibe f the country are married or are about to get married. According to UNFPA fact sheet, 76 percent of girls in Nigeria , 74 per cent of girls in Democratic Republic of Congo, 54 per cent of girls in Afghanistan , 50 per cent of girls in India and 51 per cent of girls in Bangladesh are married under age, that is before turning 18. These countries lackeducation and schools in rural areas so the most of the crowd is illiterate and are also lagging economically. Hence, it is proved that poverty and education is inversely proportional. There are customs in India which allow people to give away the kids on the auspicious day and event of Akha Teej. Families use this to get money and property. A lot of kids under the age of 10 are involved in it and some are toddlers of age 3 or 4. When it comes to Nigeria, studies by UNICEF shows that 44 percent of 20-24 year old women in Niger were married under the age of 15. These people follow the idiosyncratic and traditional laws setup by their an cestors. Even in Bangladesh, girls are married as soon as they hit puberty just to save their familys honor and to release financial burdens form the parents. As education increases, people get aware of the problems caused by such acts and they emphasize on learning which in decrease makes them prosperous and ensures a secure life ahead. Studies also shows that countries in tocopherol Asia like Taiwan, South Korea, Japan etc. have almost outside the tradition of child marriage their prosperity is increasing rapidly day by day. These places are characterized by economic growth, opportunities, declines in death and birth rates, Increase in employment and educational options for girls etc. (UNICEF).How can it affect the lives of the future generations?One of the most essential and basic reasons because of which child marriage still exists is education. Studies have shown the meaning(a) role that education plays in child marriage. Research by UNICEF shows that the more education a g irl receives, the less likely she is to be married as a child. Improving access to education and eliminating gender gaps in education are therefore important strategies for ending the practice of child marriage. It is clear that if more and more girls will be educated, the will be more aware about the things tone ending on around them and can have the power to stand for themselves and appraise between right and wrong. (UNFPA).To conclude, child marriage is generally seen as one of the easiest ways established by poor to lower middle disunite families to make their and their childs future safe but in almost all the cases, it is not true. It onlysecures the family from poverty for a short time period but destroys the life of the girl child forever. With the marriage comes various issues and problems which the young brides go through and in most of the cases they end up dying as they are not strong enough mentally or physically to go through such pain. It also affects the future gen erations. The babies born to girls under 16 years of age are more likely to die during their first year of life and if they survive, they arent healthy like a child who is born from a 20 year old woman, and goes through various deformities in future. As the girls are being married in an early age, they are not able to get educated and this makes a big difference.Works CitedChildinfo.org Statistics by scene of action Child Marriage The Challenge. Childinfo.org Statistics by Area Child Marriage The Challenge. Web. 13 May 2013.Child Marriage. Forward. Web. 13 May 2013.Child MarriageChild Marriage Factsheet body politic of World Population 2005 UNFPA. Child Marriage Factsheet State of World Population 2005 UNFPA.Web. 14 May 2013. . Child Marriage a Cultural Problem, Educational Access a Race Issue? Deconstructing Uni-Dimensional agreement of Romani Oppression. ERRC.org. Web. 13 May 2013.Child Marriage Facts, Causes and Consequences.Child Marriage-Facts Causes and consequences. Web. 13 May 2013.Early teen Marriage and Future Poverty. Early Teen Marriage and Future Poverty. Web. 13 May 2013.Early marriage, a harmful traditional practiceEarly marriage. 13 May 2013. Web.McLaughlin, John. 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